The influence of terpenes

There are a lot of terms associated with cannabis, such as indica, sativa and cannabinoids. While less commonly discussed, terpenes are another compound found in cannabis that significantly impacts the overall experience. Terpenes are naturally occurring compounds that are found in numerous plants. They are the reason for the flavors, aromas and colors. They distinguish the smell and taste of certain strains of cannabis. Terpenes are found in citrus fruits, sage, thyme, cannabis and more. While more research is necessary, the belief is that the terpene profile of cannabis strains works in partnership with cannabinoids such as THC and CBD to produce the unique effects. Two different strains with the same THC percentage can produce a very different experience. Terpenes don’t cause psychoactive effects but can impact the effects of the THC. Rather than focusing strictly on the THC or CBD levels of a strain, it’s important for consumers to consider terpene profiles as well. Terpenes are believed to offer potential benefits in treating health conditions such depression, anxiety and bipolar disorder. While cannabinoids and terpenes are two different types of compounds, they interact with each other in what is referred to as the “entourage effect.” The full spectrum of compounds found in cannabis work synergistically to offer a wide variety of effects and benefits. There are over 100 known cannabinoids and about 400 terpenes have been identified in the cannabis plant. Only a few of those terpenes have been linked to specific effects. Pinene is one of the more common terpenes. It smells very much like a pine forest and is believed to provide anti-cancer and anti-depressant properties. Linalool is similar to lavender in smell and may help to treat stress disorders. Myrcene is found in both mangoes and cannabis and is proving effective as an antifungal and antibacterial. It also has sedating effects. Limonene offers strong citrus notes and is one of the most commonly found terpenes. It has shown anti-cancer benefits and is often used to treat anxiety.




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